This Standards shall apply to all places of employment except otherwise provided in this Standard. TABLE OF CONTENTS RULE GENERAL PROVISION. – 1st meeting/gathering of DOLE-BWC Accredited Safety Training & Testing A set of mandatory OSH standards which codifies all safety orders being. (1) Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) standards (DOLE) and tasked by the employer to implement an occupational safety and health.
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OSH in Philippines is regulated by a wide range of laws. The main OSH provisions shall be found in particular in: Title II of the Labour Code regulates the employment of non-resident workers. Migrants are not excluded from the scope of OSH legislation. There is a specific Law governing domestic workers. Domestic workers are not excluded from the scope of OSH legislation.
Chapter IV of the Labour Code regulates standadds employment of home workers. Home workers are not excluded from the scope of OSH legislation. Book IV, S 6. Agriculture is not excluded from the scope of OSH legislation. There are Guidelines governing occupational safety and health in the Construction Industry. Services are not excluded from the scope of OSH legislation.
The definition of “Employer” includes any person acting directly or indirectly in the interest of an employer, in standardw to an employee, and shall include government-owned or controlled corporations and institutions, as well as non-profit private institutions or organizations.
Public sector is not excluded from the scope of OSH legislation. Establishments engaged in land, sea and air transportation are likewise covered by these Standards. OSH Standards The standardz of a lessee regarding safety of mining installations, surface or underground, within the mining claim or lease, including mine safety, mineral conservation and problem of pollution in establishments or workplaces falling under “Mining Industry” as classified by the National Economic and Development Authority are not covered by these Standards.
The Institute for Occupational Health and Safety Development provides a list of Occupational and Compensable Diseases approved under different resolutions: The Labour Code indicates that: The Occupational Safety and Health Standards indicate that “by virtue of the powers vested in the Dold of Labor and Employment under Article of the Labor Code of the Standarrs, this Occupational Safety and Health Standards is hereby promulgated for the guidance and compliance dolr all concerned”.
The Department of Labour and Employment DOLE is the national government agency mandated to formulate policies, implement programs and serve as the policy-coordinating arm of the Executive Branch in the field of labor and employment. It serves more than 40 million workers comprising standarss country’s labor force, covering those in the formal and informal economies, private and public.
It has a total manpower complement of 9, The structure of the Department of Labour and Employment can be found at: The services of the Occupational Safety and Health Center OSHC shall cover the preventive primary, secondary, tertiary prevention aspects of occupational safety and health in every workplace, public or private. The Center shall serve as the authority on Occupational Safety and Health in the areas of research, training and information dissemination and technical services.
The Center shall undertake studies and researches on all aspects of occupational safety and health. It shall focus on studies: In addition, there is a deputy executive director, technical staff and other administrative staff. Fore more information, please visit: Periodic annual medical examinations shall be conducted in order to follow-up previous findings, to allow early detection of occupational and non-occupational diseases, and determine the effect of exposure of employees to health hazards.
Specific health surveillance is required when workers are exposed to substances such as natural fertilizer, lead, mercury, hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, nitro glycol and other similar substances.
The employer shall ensure the ongoing surveillance of the working environment through, an occupational health service, the health programme and other approaches. Employers shall at his own expense furnish his workers with protective equipment for the eyes, face, hands and feet, protective shields and barriers whenever necessary by reason of the nature of hazards.
The employer shall be responsible for the adequacy and proper maintenance of personal protective equipment used in his workplace. Employers shall establish occupational health services including organizing of first-aid and emergency treatment. Employers shall provide toilet rooms and lavatories for women and men, dressing rooms and a nursery for women. The employer must exercise the leadership necessary and provide support to make the program work.
The principal duties of the employer are to establish and adopt in writing administrative policies on safety in conformity with the provisions of this Standards outlining therein his responsibility and authority delegated Every employer shall establish in his place of employment occupational health services in accordance with the regulation and guidelines provided for under this rule.
General requirements for employers, mainly are to: This Rule shall apply to all establishments whether for profit or not, including the Government and any of its political subdivisions and government-owned or controlled corporations.
All safety consultants or consulting organizations, shall be accredited by the Bureau, and registered with the regional office concerned. The consultants need required years of training and practice. At least the following number of supervisors or technical personnel shall take the required training and shall be appointed safety man, full time or part-time depending on the number of workers employed, and the type of workplace whether hazardous or non-hazardous under Rule of this Standards.
Hazardous workplaces and below: One 1 part-time safety man Over to workers: One 1 full-time safety man For every workers One 1 full-time safety man.
Non-hazardous Workplace Less than odh One 1 part-time safety man Stanadrds every workers: One 1 full-time safety man. Workers have the duty to “work in accordance with accepted safety practices and standards established by the employer in compliance with the provisions of this Standards” and shall “report unsafe conditions and practices to the supervisor by making suggestions for correction or removal of accident hazards”.
Every worker shall make proper use of all safeguards and safety devices furnished in standrds with the provisions of this Standards for his protection and that of others. In every place of wtandards, a health and safety committee shall be organized within sixty 60 days after this Standards takes effect and for new establishments within one 1 month from the date the business starts stqndards.
In both cases the Committee shall reorganize every January of the following year. In every committee there shall be representatives of workers. There shall be a minimum of three representatives of workers in the health and safety committee depending of the total workforce size of the undertaking.
Where the workers are not organized, they shall be selected by a simple majority of votes of the workers. In every do,e having a total of over four hundred4 workers sstandards compose the Health and Safety Committee.
When the total workforce size is of less than workers, the total number of worker representatives in the health and safety committee shall be of 3 workers. Dolf the principal duties of the health and safety committee is the duty to “review reports of inspection, accident investigations and implementation of program”. This duty implies the right to access the information which needs to be reviewed. The OSH Committee shall be composed of a chairman, supervisors, workers representatives, safety man, and company physician and nurse if necessary.
When the total workforce size is of less than workers, the total number of worker representavies in the Health and Safety Committee shall be of 3 workers. The principal duties of the Health and Safety Committee are: Among the principal duties of the health and safety dloe is the duty to submit reports to the manager on its meetings and activities.
The employer “shall at his own expense furnish his workers with protective equipment for the eyes, face, hands and feet, protective shields and barriers whenever necessary by reason of the hazardous nature of the process or environment, chemical or radiological or other mechanical irritants or hazards capable of causing injury or impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption, inhalation or physical contact”. All containers with hazardous substances shall be properly labelled.
Labels shall contain, among others the trade name which may be used in addition to the chemical name of the substance. Cylinders shall be legibly marked for the purpose of identifying the content inside with: There is a specific Rule on pesticides and fertilizers. The Occupational Health Services provide advice and information, training and education in the fields of occupational health and hygiene and ergonomics. All employees shall be protected either by insulation of the equipment or by other suitable means against radiation and excessive temperature due to steam and hot water pipes or other heated machinery or equipment.
Floor slabs or building footings shall be isolated from foundation base by at least 25 mm. Opening shall be filled with watertight insulation. The Secretary shall periodically review or update the Standards on threshold limit values, permissible noise exposure levels among others. The threshold limit values refer to sound pressure that represents conditions under which it is believed that nearly all workers may be repeatedly exposed without adverse effect on their ability to hear and understand normal speech.
Feasible administrative or engineering controls shall be utilized when workers are exposed to sound levels exceeding those specified in Table 8b hereof when measured on a scale of a standard sound level meter at slow response.
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If such controls fail to reduce sound within the specified levels, ear protective devices capable of bringing the sound level to permissible noise exposure shall be provided by the employer and used by the worker. Requirements and limitations of scaffolds, hoist and use of belt in certain circumstances. Requirements for providing equipments or other measures shall be taken in order to prevent risks.
Good housekeeping shall be maintained at all times through cleanliness of building, yards, machines, equipment, regular waste disposal, and orderly arrangement of processes, operations, storage and filing of materials. Natural lighting A regular system of cleaning skylights and windows should be established to ensure that they are kept clean at all times. Air Supply Clean fresh air shall be supplied to enclosed workplaces at an average rate of not less than 20 to 40 cubic meters to cu.
Cleanliness Dusts, gases, vapors, or mists generated and released in work processes shall be removed at the points of origin and not permitted to permeate the atmosphere of the workrooms. Provisions requiring cleanliness and maintenance of surfaces, premises, installations and equipment are numerous. Above only a few of them are indicated. Suitable atmospheric conditions shall be maintained in workrooms by natural or artificial means to avoid insufficient air supply, stagnant or vitiated air, harmful drafts, excessive heat or cold, sudden variations in temperature.
There is a Rule on fire protection and control providing for a number of requirements in this regard.
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The introduction, preparation and consumption of food, drink and tobacco in the workroom shall be prohibited. This Chemical Control Order for Asbesto applies to the importation and manufacturing of asbestos. It also addresses the treatment, storage, disposal of asbestos containing materials and asbestos containing wastes in the Philippines. This order will cover the following interest groups: Control and regulate the use and standaards of asbestos to minimize hazards to human health and the environment.
The employers shall establish and maintain a safe and healthful working environment which will facilitate optimal physical and mental health for workers. There are Guidelines for the implementation of standsrds drug-free workplace policies and programmes for the private sector.
The provisions of the Rule on hazardous materials shall apply to all workplaces in which hazardous substances in solid, liquid or gaseous forms are manufactured, handled and used or in which flammable, irritating, offensive or toxic dusts, fibers, gases, mists or vapors are generated or released in quantities injurious to health.
The prevention against the risks stajdards machines are regulated by several provisions and a chapter of machine guarding. Rule is dedicated to machine guarding and is very detailed including requirements on provision and removal of guards, fillers, floor clearances, interlocks, wood guards, machine guard at point of operation, transmission machinery guarding, governors, collars and couplings, keys and set screws, tail rods, shafting, belt and pulley drive, conveyors, gears and sprockets, starting and stopping devices, etc.