Carbofuran is one of the most toxic carbamate pesticides. It is marketed under the trade names Furadan, by FMC Corporation and Curater, among several others. Furadan, Bay , Curaterr, D , ENT , Yaltox, Furacarb (25). Carbofuran is highly toxic by inhalation and ingestion and moderately toxic by. Toxicological Characteristics Current available acute toxicological studies on carbofuran show the following: Acute oral toxicity: rat, LD50 mg/kg;.
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Carbofuran – Wikipedia
In Kenyafarmers are using carbofuran to kill lions and other predators. Lethal dose or concentration LDLC:. Carbofuran is banned in Canada and the European Union. Retrieved October 29, This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat Retrieved 7 September The liquid version of the pesticide is less hazardous to birds since they are not as likely to ingest it directly, but it is still very hazardous.
Journal of Wildlife Diseases 40 2: Secondary poisoning of eagles following intentional poisoning of coyotes with anticholinesterase pesticides in Western Canada.
However in developing countries, occupational exposure to the Carbofuran and resultant carbofuran-serum protein labeling has been reported that impacts human health and well-being.
carbofuran (Furadan) Chemical Fact Sheet 6/84
Chemical Research in Toxicology. The technical or chemical name of carbofuran txicity 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethylbenzofuranyl methylcarbamate and its CAS number is Hemicholinium-3 hemicholine Triethylcholine Enhancers: Views Read Edit View history.
Toxiicty alterations may consequently lead to serious reproductive problems following repeated exposure. Carbofuran exhibits toxicity mediated by the same mechanism as that of the notorious V-series nerve agents and presents a risk to human health.
The company took action to stop the furqdan of this product and instituted a buy-back program in East Africa when it was determined that the illegal and intentional misuse of chemicals against wildlife could not be controlled by education or stewardship programs alone.
LD 50 median dose. It is used to control insects in a wide variety of field crops, including potatoescorn and soybeans. It is manufactured by the reaction of methyl isocyanate with 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethylhydroxybenzofuran. Retrieved 11 August Secondary fatal poisoning of domestic and wild animals has been documented,   specifically, raptors bald eagles and golden eaglesdomestic dogs, raccoonsvultures and other scavengers.
Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 87 ed. With this change, carbofuran usage in the US would be allowed only on corn, potatoes, pumpkins, sunflowers, pine seedlings and spinach grown for seed. Asoxime chloride Methoxime Obidoxime Ruradan Trimedoxime bromide.
It is classified as an extremely hazardous substance in the United States as defined in Furzdan of the U. In its granular form, a single grain will kill a bird. Carbofuran usage has increased in recent years because it is one of the few insecticides effective on soybean aphidswhich have expanded their range since to include most soybean-growing regions of the U.
Carbofuran has been illegally used to intentionally poison wildlife not only in the US, Canada and Great Britain; poisoned wildlife have included coyotes, kites, golden eagles and buzzards. Highly soluble in N-methylpyrrolidone, dimethylformamidedimethyl sulfoxideacetoneacetonitrilemethylene chloridecyclohexanonebenzeneand xylene . Carbofuran is one of the most toxic carbamate pesticides.
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National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Due to nonregistration of 4 carcinogenic chemicals used on crops fjradan listed in the Dangerous Substances Act of Thailandvegetables with residues of methomylcarbofuran, dicrotophosand EPN were taken off supermarket shelves in July Retrieved from ” https: Water Science and Technology. Carbofuran is known to be particularly toxic to birds.
Chlorantraniliprole Cyantraniliprole Flubendiamide Ryanodine Ryanodol. Environmental Protection Agency in it was blamed for millions of bird deaths per year. Retrieved 5 June Carbofuran also has contact activity against pests. Archived from the original on May 28, Other names Furadan, Curater, Furacarb. Before the granular form was banned by U. Carbofuran has one of the highest acute toxicities to humans of any insecticide widely used on field crops only aldicarb and parathion are more toxic.
Birds often eat numerous grains of the pesticide, mistaking them for seeds, and then die shortly thereafter.
Archived from the original on Kenya is considering banning carbofuran,  but it is legal to buy over-the-counter in Kenya.