PDF | The purpose of this article is to present a contemporary picture of the Halliwick Concept– from Water Specific Therapy (WST) to the. The Halliwick Concept is an approach to teaching all people, in particular focussing on those with physical and/or learning difficulties, to participate in water . The Halliwick Concept for clients with cerebral palsy or similar conditions. Jean- Pierre Maes – PT, MCSP, Senior Halliwick Lecturer. Member of Education and.

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There are several precautions you need to consider before participating the thermal aquatic bodywork:. A Ten Point Program is used to reach these goals.

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Mostly Halliwick is dynamic to help movement and sensory input. Decreased heart rate Decreased rate of respiration Increased depth of respiration Increased peripheral vasodilatation Increased smooth muscle activity digestion Decreased activation of striated muscles skeletal Decreased spasticity Decreased muscle spasm Decreased reticular activating system RAS activity Enhanced immune system response.

The most important part of this program is rotational control. The first part of the concept, the Halliwick Ten-Point-Programme, incorporates these biophysical principles and focuses on mental adjustment, disengagement, and development of motor control, with an emphasis on rotational control, and is applied to teach participation in water activities, moving independently in water, and swimming.

Subscribe to our mailing list. In this sense Halliwick is a constraint-induced movement therapy without the disadvantage of gravity compensation. The Concept has influenced aquatic therapy techniques and has been developed into specific therapeutic exercises.

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Promoting the Halliwick Concept of Swimming & Rehabilitation in Water

Aquatic Therapy Exercises, founded by the late James McMillan The Halliwick concept originally developed to teach people with physical disability to swim and make them independent in water. The mechanical advantages of water support the abilities of the trunk in a mobilising and stabilising way.

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Halliwick also has a passive static component, in which, for example involving selective activation of muscles and stabilization of specific joints by the therapist.

This page was last edited on 19 Novemberat Halliwick Aquatic Therapy is a problem-solving approach, in that specific possibilities and constraints of the client hwlliwick analyzed in order to plan a systematic intervention to help the client gain functional increases.

The first part of the Halliwick Concept implements the Halliwick Ten-Point-Programme to develop balance control, swimming skills, and indendence: These benefits include physical, personal, recreational, social and therapeutic aspects. Activities in warm water: Retrieved from ” https: In neurological and pediatric rehabilitation, people can experience early mobility.

The Halliwick Concept was originally developed by fluid mechanics engineer James McMillan in the late s and s, at the Halliwick School for Girls with Disabilities in London, to teach physically disabled people independence in water.

Halliwick Aquatic Therapy also known as Water Specific Therapy, WSTimplements the concept in patient-specific aquatic therapy for application in rehabilitation of injury and disability. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Turbulent moving water provides resistancetherefore the one will lose balance slowly and has time to react. This application in fall prevention is extended by using obstacle courses or Ai Chi. These torques can be used to increase load on connective tissue. Hydrotherapy Massage Physical medicine and rehabilitation Physical therapy. Many activities easily can be repeated and varied and clients can learn balance- and stumble- strategies, which have carry-over effects to dry land.

Many activities easily can be repeated and varied and people can learn balance and stumble strategies, which have carry-over effects to dry land. Buoyancy provides an halliwickk way to change position, which influences the vestibular system as in sensory integration.

The halliwici part of the concept, Halliwick Voncept Therapy also known as Water Specific Therapy, WSTapplies the fundamental biophysical principles and the underlying principles of the Ten-Point-Programme for planning and implementing patient-specific aquatic therapy.

The fluid-mechanical concet of water are the basis for the intervention techniques.

Orthopaedics for the physical therapist assistant. Halliwick also enables a graded activity programme: The effect of aquatic therapy on postural balance and muscular strength in stroke survivors – a randomized controlled trial.